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    Pneumonia and Advancing Age

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    At this age, the elderly just want to be healthy, happy and not be a burden to their children. They want to be able to take care of themselves.

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    However, ageing changes a lot of things in the body. As people get older, their immune system does not work as well making it easier for them to get infections that might lead to pneumonia.

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    A common type of community-acquired pneumonia is pneumococcal pneumonia, caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae.

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    The good news is pneumonia is preventable. Speak to your doctor about vaccination and other methods to prevent pneumonia today.

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    The elderly are 4 times more likely to develop pneumonia than that of patients younger than 65 and almost 5 times more likely to be hospitalised due to the condition.

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    Pneumonia can be hard to recover among older people – some may need a ventilator to breathe if they develop complications while others may suffer from long-lasting effects of pneumonia (eg it can worsen heart disease).

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    If you are aged 60 and above, please take steps to prevent pneumonia.

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    Speak to a doctor about pneumococcal vaccination and how else to reduce the risk of getting pneumonia.


    Slide 3 & 6 - Stupka, J. E., Mortensen, E. M., Anzueto, A., & Restrepo, M. I. (2009). Community-acquired pneumonia in elderly patients. 
    Aging health, 5(6), 763-774.

    Slide 4 - Dion CF, Ashurst JV. Streptococcus Pneumoniae. [Updated Mar 25, 2020]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470537/ [Accessed September 24th, 2020]

    Slide 5 & 9 –
    Preventing Pneumonia. (Updated May 27, 2020). American Lung Association. https://www.lung.org/lung-health-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/pneumonia/preventing-pneumonia [Accessed September 24th, 2020]

    Slide 6 - Janssens, J. P., & Krause, K. H. (2004). Pneumonia in the very old. 
    The Lancet infectious diseases, 4(2), 112-124.

    Slide 7 – a)
    Pneumonia Treatment and Recovery. (Updated May 27, 2020). American Lung Association. https://www.lung.org/lung-health-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/pneumonia/treatment-and-recovery [Accessed September 24th, 2020]
    Pneumonia | NHLBI, NIH. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/pneumonia [Accessed September 24th, 2020]

    Slide 8 –
    Guidelines for Adult Immunisation 2nd Edition, Malaysian Society of Infectious Diseases and Chemotherapy 2014

    MY-PNX-00089 Sep/2020

Would you consider pneumococcal vaccination as one of the preventive measures of pneumonia for yourself or a loved one?

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